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Sunday, 18 February 2018

THE HOLY GITA, CHAPTER 11, VERSE 11, VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM

THE HOLY GITA
CHAPTER NUMBER 11
VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM:
VERSE NUMBER 11
Text in Transliteration:
divya maalyaambara dharam divya gandhaanulepanam
 sarvaascharyamayam devam anantam visvatomukham
Sanskrit words and phrases and their meaning:
Divya maalya ambara dharam = wearing divine garlands and apparel; divya gandha anulepanam = anointed with divine unguents; sarva aascharya mayam = the all-wonderful; devam = resplendent; anantam = endless; visvatomukham = with faces on all sides.
Text in English:
Wearing heavenly garlands and raiments, anointed with celestial perfumes, all wonderful, resplendent boundless, with faces on all sides.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI CHIDBHAVANANDA:
Panorama corresponding to this definition is available even to the physical eye; what to speak then of the spectacle cognized with the divine eye! Godly features alone are in evidence everywhere and at all levels.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI SIVANANDA:
Visvatomukham: With faces on all sides, as He is the Self of all beings.
Devam: God. Also means ‘resplendent’.
Anantam: Endless. He Who is free from the three kinds of limitations, viz., Desa-Kala-Vastu-Pariccheda (limitations of space, time and thing respectively) is Anantam. He is Brahman. This philosophical concept is explained below.
The pot is here. This is space-limitation. The pot is now here. This is time-limitation. The pot is not a cloth. This is thing – (material) limitation. There is saffron in Kashmir only. This is limitation of space and thing. You can have apples only in September. This is limitation of time and thing. But Brahman is everywhere, as It is all-pervading. It exists in the past, the present and the future. It dwells in all parts. Hence It is beyond these three limitations. It is therefore endless.





THE HOLY GITA, CHAPTER 11, VERSE 10, VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM

THE HOLY GITA
CHAPTER NUMBER 11
VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM:
VERSE NUMBER 10
Text in Transliteration:
aneka vaktra nayanam anekaabhoota darsanam
aneka divyaabharanam divyaanekodyataayudham
Sanskrit words and phrases with their meaning:
aneka vaktra nayanam = with numerous mouths and eyes; aneka adbhuta darsanam = with numerous wonderful sights; aneka divya aabharanam = with numerous divine ornaments; divya aneka udyata aayudham = with numerous divine weapons uplifted.
Text in English:
With many mouths and eyes, with many marvellous sights, with many divine ornaments, with many uplifted divine weapons;

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI CHIDBHAVANANDA:
The entire universe is His manifest body; His mouths and eyes are therefore countless. Many a divine happening is beyond the scope of the human knowledge. Such happenings have to be admired as marvellous to look at. Beauty emanates from Iswara. The attractive and lovely forms all over Nature adorned with magnificent decorations appear as if decked with divine ornaments. The divine designs and happenings are inevitable. Nothing can resist God’s plans and executions. The uplifted divine weapons reveal Him as the Almighty.

COMMENTARY BY DR.S.RADHAKRISHNAN:
The poet seems to feel here the dearth of words, the roughness of speech in trying to describe an experience which is essentially ineffable.  
anekavaktranayanam: many moths and eyes. He is all-devouring and all-seeing.
These are descriptions of the Universal Being. In the Purus Sookta also, a similar account is found.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI SIVANANDA:
Countless faces appeared there. Arjuna looked at this Cosmic Form in all its magnificence. He saw the Lord everywhere and in everything. The whole manifestation appeared as one gigantic body of the Lord. He saw the Lord as the all-in-all.

(Bloggers note; Dear visitors and readers, last evening I uploaded a vedio on the Youtube and my channel’s name is “Short stories-orally by Raguram youtube”. If you type these words on the Google Search, it will give direct access to the vedio. As I have pleaded in the vedio, please click SUBSCRIBE and also click the Bell icon below.)   




Friday, 16 February 2018

THE HOLY GITA, CHAPTER 11, VERSE 09, VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM

THE HOLY GITA
CHAPTER NUMBER 11
VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM:
VERSE NUMBER 09
Text in Transliteration:
                                 samjaya uvaacha
evam uktvaa tato raajan mahaayogesvaro harih:
darsayaam aasa paarthaaya paramam roopam aisvaram
Sanskrit words and phrases and their meaning:
                                    samjaya uvaacha = Sanjaya said:
evem = thus; uktvaa = having spoken; tatah: = then; raajan = O king; mahaa yogesvarah: = the great Lord of yoga; harih: = Hari; darsayaamaasa = showed; paarthaaya = to Partha; paramam = supreme; roopam = roopam = form; aisvaram = sovereign.
Text in English:
                                     Sanjaya said:
Having thus spoken, O king, the great Lord of yoga, Hari showed to Partha, His supreme Iswara form.

COMMENTARY BY DR.S.RADHAKRISHNAN:
The Upanishad says:
Hearing they hear not; knowing they know not; seeing they see not; only with the eye of enlightenment do they see.
This is Krishna’s transfiguration where Arjuna sees all the creatures in heaven and earth in the Divine Form.
Cp. the Prophet’s words: “Lord open his eyes that he may see.” See also the vision of Ezekiel, Exodus xxxiii, 18; Revelation iv: and Saddharmapundarika, 1. “Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee. Thou shalt see and be radiant and thy heart shall thrill and be enlarged” ( Isaiah lx, 1-5).

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI SIVANANDA:
King: This verse is addressed by Sanjaya to Dhritarashtra.
Supreme form: The Cosmic Form.

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I have opened a Youtube channel. short stories- by Raguram youtube is the name of the channel. I started it last night. Tonight onwards I will be telling short stories to those who care to visit my Channel. My Email ID for the channel is kraguram58@gmail.com
You might ask what’s so special about the site and why we should visit it.
Well, It’s a unique channel and I tell short stories in a novel way.
In front of the camera, I use a Mills and Boon Romance and from the novel, I would select a sentence or a line or a phrase even at random and using the same as a starting line or sentence of my short story, I would develop the story from the scratch! This is a novel method. The short stories are not for kids either. They are for adults. I wouldn’t know what story I am going to tell. It all would depend on the sentence or phrase I’d select at random. The idea is to tell one short story a day. But I am capable of telling short stories more than one a day. I will upload videos according as the number of visitors dictates. More the number more short stories I will tell a day.
I will upload my first video tonight around eight o’ clock. Be sure to visit my Youtube channel. And be sure to click on the icon Subscribe besides clicking on the bell icon on the top right side corner.
Since necessity is the mother of invention, I have opted for this way to make money. But I will surely continue to blog on this site. For it is surely a matter of spiritual satisfaction.
Kindly visit my short story channel tonight, please. You won’t be bored. And that’s a promise.
Thank you and have a nice day)   





THE HOLY GITA, CHAPTER 11, VERSE 08, VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM

THE HOLY GITA
CHAPTER NUMBER 11
VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM:
VERSE NUMBER 08
Text in Transliteration:
na tu maam sakyase drastum anenai ‘va svachakshushaa
divyam dadaami te chakshuh pasya me yogam aisvaram
Sanskrit words and phrases and their meaning:
na = not; tu = but; maam = me; sakyase = (thou) canst; drashtum = to see; anena = with this; eva = even; svachakshushaa = with own eyes; divyam = divine; dadaami = (I) give; te = (to) thee; chakshuh: = the eye; pasya = behold; me = my; yogam = yoga; aisvaram = lordly.
Text in English:
But you cannot see Me with these eyes of yours; I give you divine sight; behold My Supreme Yoga.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI CHIDBHAVANANDA:
In the scheme of the evolution of life, one species evolves into another until perfection in body and mind is reached in the human. Nothing in Nature can be found parallel to the human tabernacle, the human brain and the human mind. Man is a repository of knowledge. He has added marvellously and continues to add to his knowledge of things in Nature. He is correspondingly gaining mastery over everything in it to an enormous extent. Human-contrived aids to sense-knowledge, such as telescope, the microscope, the X-ray and the stethoscope are equally marvellous. But the seeming mastery over Nature has not minimized it. His enormously increased intellectual knowledge has not solved the problems of life and death; it has only complicated them further.
Yoga steps in here to make the human life a fulfilment. Through the practice of yoga a super-sense called the divine eye can be developed. It is neither a freak nor an accident. With precision and certainty the spiritual eye can be evolved. It is the outcome of a perfectly disciplined pure life. Man completes his evolution with acquisition of this divine insight. After getting established in spiritual excellence the sadhaka is required to subordinate his personal will to the Cosmic Will which is termed as the grace of the Lord in theological parlance. When these conditions are fulfilled the realization of God becomes possible.
God reveals Himself variously in the various planes of consciousness. At the mental plane He is cognized as the phenomenon; at the ethical level as the infallible Law; at Bhaava samaadhi or the divine eye level as the Immanent or the kinetic aspect of Iswara; at Nirvikalpa Samadhi or the intuition freed from mind, as the Transcendental Reality or the static aspect of Iswara; finally the individual merges into the Absolute which is Brahman. God-realization takes place in this order.
Arjuna is blessed with the vision of the Immanent Iswara. This realization relieves him of all of his problems, personal and public. He gets enlightened so as to discharge his duty as a willing instrument at the hands of the Lord. The Sage Vyasa is all perfection and he intuits Iswara in all of His aspects. By the grace of this sage, Sanjaya is favoured with the same Cosmic Vision which Arjuna gets and he faithfully reports it to his blind monarch Dhrtarashtra.
SRIMAT SWAMI RAMAKRISHNA AS QUOTED BY SRIMAT SWAMI CHIDBHAVANANDA:
The great ones compare Bhakti (devotion) with the magic collyrium applied to the eye. Sreemati Radha once told her companion maids that she saw Sri Krishna only wherever she turned her eyes. “You have anointed your eyes with the divine collyrium of Bhakti, therefore you behold your darling Krishna in this way,” answered the companions.

COMMENTARY BY DR.S.RADHAKRISHNAN:
No fleshly eye can see that sovereign form. Human eye is not made for such excess of light. Divya chaksus is the angelic eye while maamsa chaksus is the eye of the flesh.
Human eyes can see only the outward form; the inner soul is perceived by the eye of spirit. There is a type of knowledge that we can acquire by our own efforts, knowledge based on the deliverances of the senses and intellectual activity. Another kind of knowledge is possible when we are under the influence of grace a direct knowledge of spiritual realities. The god-vision is a gift of god. The whole account is a poetic device to indicate the unity of the cosmic manifold in the Divine nature.
The vision is not a mental construction but the disclosure of a truth from beyond the finite mind. The spontaneity and directness of the experience are brought out here.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI SIVANANDA:
No fleshly eyes can behold Me in My Cosmic Form. One can see It through the divine eye or the eye of intuition. It should not be confused with seeing through the eye or the mind. It is an inner experience.
Lord Krishna says to Arjuna: “I give three the divine eye, by which you will be able to behold My sovereign form. By it see My marvellous power of Yoga.”
Anena: with this: the fleshly eye or the physical eye, the earthly eye. (Cf. VII. 25; IX. 5; X. 7)

Comments by the blogger:
The physical eyes are not bad actually. But what is here seen is Ishwara’s Supreme Yoga in the form of His Cosmic Form. This is an inner experience and as such a new spiritual equipment is provided to Arjuna. Sanjaya also saw the Lord’s Cosmic Form. He was provided with the power of intuition by the Sage Vyasa.
It is material to note that Srimat Swami Chidbhavananda says, “In the scheme of the evolution of life, one species evolves into another until perfection in body and mind is reached in the human”.
We are human beings and as such perfected in the body. But we have not attained perfection in mind for which we should become yogis and yoginis and pursue a life divorced from all materialism. And when we become perfect in mind through yoga, we can also intuit the Lord’s Cosmic Form. But we must make further progress. And we should be able to experience the Ultimate Brahman. Realization of Brahman and becoming one with Him is instantaneous.
(And, dear visitors and readers, as I was out of station yesterday I could not come up with a posting that day).
(And as for your disinclination to follow me, let me remind you that by clicking the word Follow set by the Google AdSense you will not necessarily follow the puny little me and the puny little self of mine. On the contrary, you will be following the three great commentators. So please click the word “Follow” set up by the Google AdSense authorities. But, of course, the benefit would come and accrue to me. You would not grudge me that, I am sure. I am in dire need of an independent income of my own. So follow the three great Commentators and let the benefit accrue to me also.)  





Wednesday, 14 February 2018

THE HOLY GITA, CHAPTER 11, VERSE 07, VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM

THE HOLY GITA
CHAPTER NUMBER 11
VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM:
VERSE NUMBER 07
Text in Transliteration:
thai ‘kastham jagat kritsnam pasyaa ‘dya sacharaacharam
mama dehe gudaakesha yach chaa ‘nyad drashttum icchasi
Sanskrit words and phrases and their meaning:
Tha = in this; ekastham = centred in one; jagat = the universe; krtsnam = whole; pasya = behold; adya = now; sacaracharam = with the moving and unmoving ; mama = my; dehe = in the body; gudaakesa = O Gudakesa; yat = that; cha = and; anyat = other; drashtum = to see; icchasi = (thou) desirest.
Text in English:
Behold here today, O Dudakesa, the whole universe of the moving and the unmoving, and whatever else you desire to see, all integral of My body.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI CHIDBHAVANANDA:
In chapter 2 stanza 6, Arjnuna raised a doubt whether Pandavas should vanquish Kauravas or Kauravas should vanquish Pandavas. The answer to this question can now be found self-revealed in the working of the Cosmos. The plan and purpose of the universe ever stand self-revealed. It is open to the enquirer to get at them whenever he wants.
Are the physical eyes and the ordinary intellect sufficient to cognize the whole of the truth pertaining to the Lord. The answer is given in the next stanza.

COMMENTARY BY DR.S.RADHAKRISHNAN:
It is the vision of all in the one. When we develop our full capacity of apprehension, we see that all (past, present and future) is present.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAI SIVANANDA:
Anyat: other; whatever else. Your success or defeat in the war, about which you have entertained a doubt. (Cf. II. 6)

Comments by the blogger:
Veada means to know. The Vedas do not comprise just the four books as we generally understand, namely, the Rig, Yajur, Sama and othervana.
The whole Universe is the Veda in the broader sense. The whole universe is the body of the Lord. And to understand the world is to understand the Lord. But it is not so easy. That was why our ancient Rishis and Yogis sat cross legged at a clean place with their backbone erect and breathing controlled; with closed eyes and the other four senses also in full control, they sent their gaze inward.
They had formed an excellently correct idea that what is there in the andam or Universe is in the pindam or human body. The Universe and the human body are made up of the same five elements. So to know one’s body and mind is to know the Universe and the Being that is the mainstay of the Universe.
By sending their inquiry inside of themselves by shutting out the outer world fully, they could raise the kundalini or the serpent power that reveals all which is dormant behind the testicles up to the head by stages. They came to know who they were; a little expression of the Lord of the Universe! Their Self-knowledge was able to converse with the Universal Mind or Intelligence.
In this verse, by saying Anyat or other, or behold in my body, the whole universe centred in one—including the moving and the unmoving—(anyat) AND WHATEVER ELSE THOU DESIREST TO SEE!
SO ARJUNA COULD NOT ONLY SEE THE PAST AND PRESENT BUT THE FUTURE TOO! THIS FUTURE DOES NOT NECESSARILY RELATE TO THE OUTCOME OF THE WAR AT KURUKSHETRA BUT ABOUT EVERYTHING ELSE, INCLUDING THE FATE OF THE WORLD, THE FATE OF ONE’S SELF. ARJUNA COULD SEE, IF HE WANTS, HOW MANY MORE REINCARNATIONS HE SHOULD TAKE OR IF THIS WOULD BE HIS LAST ONE.
SO THE FUTURE POSSIBILITIES ARE THERE IN THE FORM OF KNOWLEDGE. THIS IS HOW IN THE STANZAS TO COME THE LORD SHOWS ARJUNA HOW ALL THE WORLD IS BEING SIMPLY SLURPED UP AND ALL GOES INEXORABLY INTO HIS MOUTH!
One may ask that if the future of one person is predetermined then what is the use of our spiritual exertion in this incarnation and why should not we spend our life here in indulging our senses in the sense objects freely. The answer is very simple. The future would be in a state of flux according as the actions in the past and present births as also the sachinta karma which is a stock of past karma yet to be acted out and expended. But a person, while he comes up to the stage of getting to know the whole universe as the body of the Lord, that is, when he has developed up to that level, then telling his future becomes simple, for he would have no more rebirth to transact and prosecute. By getting to see the Lord’s Cosmic Form, Arjuna has attained that stage of a perfected Yogi in his last spiritual leg toward understanding the Lord. But he has some more distance to traverse spiritually.

(Blogger’s note: Dear visitors and readers, after the end of the 18th chapter, I would traverse the great prefaces given by the three commentators. With that, Holy Gita would not come to an end. With the knowledge we have gained by a prayerful perusal of Gita we shall delve in deep into the principal Upanishads one by one. And then we shall look into Ramayana and Mahabharata and at last, we shall see the Brahma Sutra. We shall see all this under the heading of “Hinduism”. So it would take four or five years of solid writing for me to end this blog. I am 58 and do not contribute to my family’s finances. Money is one great hurdle for me. But I have read more than thirty voluminous books which are still with me and I shall freely and exhaustively quote from them. I am a spendthrift when it comes to buying books. The habit has stood me in good stead and I am able to write about all the questions relating to Hinduism. But at present, for the past three years, I am going through a lean patch. The Google Authorities insist on my having a sizable following. But, despite my many requests, you stoutly refuse to follow me. Please change your mind and FOLLOW ME, PLEASE. IF I AM NOT GOING THROUGH A LEAN PATCH—WE ARE PLANNING TO SELL THE HOUSE—I WOULD NOT HAVE SIGNED UP WITH THE AdSense. SO PLEASE FOLLOW ME AND ENABLE ME TO WRITE WITH ABANDON WITHOUT ANY THOUGHT ABOUT FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS.
AS YOU MIGHT HAVE NOTED, I AM WRITING, AT THE SAME TIME, MORE THAN FOUR BLOGS WHICH TAKE UP MY FULL TIME DURING THE DAY. SO PLEASE FOLLOW ME AND I STRENGTHEN MY HANDS.THIS IS MY HUMBLE REQUEST.)
  




Monday, 12 February 2018

THE HOLY GITA, CHAPTER 11, VERSE 6, VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM

THE HOLY GITA
CHAPTER NUMBER 11
VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM:
VERSE NUMBER 6
Text in Transliteration:
pasyaa ‘dityaan vasoon rudraan asvinau marutas tathaa
bahoony adrshiapoorvaani pasyaa ‘scaryaani bhaarata
Sanskrit words and phrases and their meaning:
pasya = behold; aadityaan = the Adityas; vasoon = the; rudraan = the Rudras; asvinau = the (two) Aswins; marutah = the Maruts; tathaa = also; bahooni = many; adrrshiapoorvaani = never seen before; pasya = see; aascharyaani = wonders; bhaarata = O Bharata.
Text in English:
Behold the Adityas, the Vasus, the Rudras, the two Aswins and also the Maruts. Behold, O Bharata, many marvels never seen before.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI CHIDBHAVANANDA:
The manifest aspect of Iswara is finite compare with His unmanifest infinitude. But even this seemingly finite aspect expands into infinitude to the inquirer who seeks to probe into it. The stupendousness of the solar systems or of the stellar systems, the subtlety in the structure of the atom receding into infinitude—these are sufficient data to make man stand aghast at the structure of the universe which is ever available for observation.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI SIVANANDA:
Adityas, Vasus, Rudras and Maruts have already been described in the previous chapter.
Not these alone! Behold also many other wonders never seen before by you or anybody else in this world.  

  

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THE HOLY GITA, CHAPTER 11, VERSE 5, VISVARUP DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM

THE HOLY GITA
CHAPTER NUMBER 11
VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM:
VERSE NUMBER 05
Text in Transliteration:
                                 sri bhagavaan uvaacha
pasya me partha roopaani sataso ‘tha sahasrastah:
naanaavidhaani divyaani naanaavarnaakrteeni cha
Sanskrit words and phrases and their meaning:
Pasya = behold; me = my; paartha = O Partha; roopaani = forms; satasah: = by hundreds; atha = and; sahasrasah: = by thousands; naanaavidhaani = of different sorts; divyaani = divine; naanaavarna aakrteeeni = of various colours and shapes; cha = and;
Text in English:
                               The Blessed Lord said:
Behold My forms, O Partha, by hundreds and thousands, manifold and divine and of multi-colours and shapes.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI CHIDBHAVANANDA:
Things and beings seemingly extraneous to Iswara are not so in fact. Naught exists outside the pale of the Lord. Offshoots as they are of His immensity, the divine element is in one and all of them. It is going to be revealed shortly that the diversities in form, colour, nature and existence are all really the manifestations of the Cosmic Entity who is one without a second.
By asking Arjuna to behold His macrocosmic form, the Lord recognizes his worthiness for that holy communion.
SRIMAT SWAMI RAMAKRISHNA AS QUOTED BY SRIMAT SWAMI CHIDBHAVANANDA:
It is Narayana who has become the all. Man is Narayana; all creatures are Narayana; the Rishi is Narayana, the wicked man is Narayana; whatever is, is Narayana. Narayana sports in multiforms, displaying His glory in all these form.

COMMENTARY BY DR.S.RADHAKRISHNA:
The stupendous self-revelation of Divine power is manifested to Arjuna who understands the true meaning of the cosmic process and destiny. In Mahabharata VI, 131, it is said that Krishna appeared in His world-form to Duryodhana, who attempted to make Him a prisoner when He approached Duryodhana for a final attempt at reconciliation.
The vision is not a myth or a legend but spiritual experience. In the history of religious experience, we have a number of such visions. The transfiguration of Jesus, the vision of Saul on the Damascus Road, Constantine’s vision of the Cross bearing the motto “In this sign, conquer,” Joan of Arc’s visions are experiences akin to the vision of Arjuna.
Foot note to “The transfiguration of Jesus”
Mark ix, 2-8.  Saint Hildegard (1098-1180) reports a vision in which she saw a “fair human being” who declared his identity in words reminiscent of the Gita description. “I am that supreme and fiery force that sends forth all the sparks of life. Death hath no part in me, yet do I allot it, wherefore I am girt about with wisdom as with wings. I am that living and fiery essence of the divine substance that glows in the beauty of the fiends. I shine in the water. I burn in the sun and the moon and the stars. Mine is that mysterious force of the invisible wind. I sustain the breath of all living. I breathe in the verdure and in the flowers, and when the waters flow like living things, it is I. I formed those columns that support the whole earth... All these live because I am in them and am of their life. I am wisdom. Mine is the blast of the thundered word by which all things were made. I permeate all things that they may not die. I am life.”  Quoted in ‘Studies in the AHistory and Method of Science’, edited by Charles Singer (1917), page 33.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI SIVANANDA:
Divyani; divine; supernatural.
Satasah, Sahasrasah: By the hundreds and thousands countless.
O Arjuna, I want you to behold the Cosmic Form. All beings and entities are there. The fat and the lean, the short and the tall, the red and the black, the active and the passive, the rich and the poor, the intelligent and the dull, the healthy and the sick, the noisy and the silent, those that are awake, those that are asleep, the beautiful and the ugly,  and all grades of beings with their distinctive marks are all there. The blueness of the sky, the yellowness of the silk, the redness of twilight, the blackness of coal, the whiteness of the snow, and the greenness of the leaves will be seen by you. You will also behold the objects of various shapes.                

  





Sunday, 11 February 2018

THE HOLY GITA, CHAPTER 11, VERSE 4, VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM

THE HOLY GITA
CHAPTER NUMBER 11
VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM:
VERSE NUMBER 04
Text in Transliteration:
manyase yadi tac chakyam mayaa drastum iti prabho
yogesvara tato me tvam darsayaa ‘tmaanam avyayam
Sanskrit words and phrases and their meaning:
manyase = thou thinkest; yadi = if; tat = that; sakyam = possible; mayaa = by me; drastum = to see; iti = thus; prabho = O Lord; yogesvara = O Lord of yogis; tatah = then; me = me; tvam = thou; darsaya = show; atmaanam = (thy) self; avyayam = imperishable.
Text in English:
If You, O Lord, think it possible for me to see it, then do, O Lord of yoga, show me your Eternal Self.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI CHIDBHAVANANDA:
Not only does yoga emanate from Iswara, but He is also the bestower of it on worthy aspirants. Creating, protecting, withdrawing, veiling and revealing—these are the five divine activities which the Lord is pleased to carry on eternally. Among these five, the glory of Cosmic revelation it is that Arjuna supplicates to have a glimpse of. The granting of the spiritual vision is an act of grace that comes from the Yogeswara.
To give prominence to personal will is not the way of the Bhakta. He subordinates self-will to the will of the Lord. Consistent with this attitude, Arjuna pleads that the vision of the Cosmic Form of Iswara might be granted to him if the Lord thought he was worthy of it.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI SIVANANDA:
Arjuna is very keen and eager to see the Cosmic Form of the Lord. He prays to Him to grant him the vision. This supreme vision can be obtained only through His grace.
Yogesvara also means the Lord of Yoga. A Yogi is one who is endowed with the eight psychic powers (Siddis). The Lord of the Yogins is Yogesvara. And, Yoga is identity of the individual soul with the Absolute. He who is able to bestow this realisation of identity on the deserving spiritual aspirant is Yogesvara.

He Who is able to create, preserve, destroy, veil and graciously release is the Lord. These five actions, Panchakriyas, are known respectively as Srishti, Sthiti, Samhara, Tirodhana and Anugraha.)         (BLOGGER'S NOTE: PLEASE FOLLOW ME. YOUR FOLLOWING WOULD HELP ME GET CONNECTED TO THE GOOGLE ADSENSE. DO ME THIS FAVOUR, PLEASE AND FOLLOW ME IN SIZABLE NUMBER.)

Friday, 9 February 2018

THE HOLY GITA, CHAPTER 11, VERSE 3, VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM

THE HOLY GITA
CHAPTER NUMBER 11
VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM:
VERSE NUMBER 03
Text in Transliteration:
evam etad yathaa ‘ttha tvam aatmaanam paramesvara
draashtum icchaami te roopam aisvaram purusottama
Sanskrit words and phrases and their meaning:
evam = thus; etat = this; yathaa = as; aattha = has declared; tvam = thou; aatmaanam = thyself; paramesvara = O Supreme Lord; drashtum = to see; icchaami = (I) desire; te = thy; roopam = form; aisvaram = sovereign; purushottama = O Purusha Supreme.
Text in English:
As You have declared Yourself to be, so it is, O Lord Supreme. (Yet) I desire to see Your Iswara form, O Purushottama.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI CHIDBHAVANANDA:
Divine attributes are inherent in Iswara. As brilliance cannot be separated from burning fire divine excellences cannot be effaced from Him. Outstanding features such as knowledge, lordship, strength, potency, heroism and brilliance may be easily marked in Him. There are hidden glories which may be cognized only when He condescends to reveal. Arjuna supplicates for a vision of His latent glories.

COMMENTARY BY DR.S.RADHAKRISHNAN:
It is one thing to know that the Eternal Spirit dwells in all things and another to have the vision of it. Arjuna wishes to see the Universal Form, the visible embodiment of the Unseen Divine how He is the “birth and passing away of all beings.” X 8 The abstract metaphysical truth should be given visible reality.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI SIVANANDA:
Some commentators take the two halves of this verse as two independent sentences and interpret it thus:
“So it is, O Supreme Lord, as Thou has declared Thyself to be. (But still) I desire to see Thy form as Ishvara, O Supreme Person.”
Rupamaisvaram: Thy form as Ishvara, that of Vishnu as possessed of infinite knowledge, sovereignty, power, strength, prowess and splendour.

Comments by the blogger:
In chapter X the Lord Has given a detailed description as to His great and infinite glories.
Yet Arjuna is not satiated.    
As Swami Sivananda has said elsewhere, seeing the supreme Cosmic Form of the Lord is not the be all and end all. That if it were so, the Gita would have concluded with the chapter XI. So, according to him, seeing the cosmic vision is one of the stages in the development of self-realization.
Arjuna’s delusion and sorrow have come to a conclusion with the chapter X and he is ready to fight the war. He is no longer shaking in his shoes at the very thought of taking the lives of his own kith and kin. Now he is in an upbeat mood. And he loves the Lord more than ever for His compassion and the graded way He has taken him through the knowledge of Self Culture and the inevitability of performing his swadharma or Arjuna’s self-ordained duty.
In his upbeat mood, Arjuna wants to see the Lord’s Cosmic Form as well.
And through the description of Sanjaya we too get to see in our mind’s eye the great Form of the Lord.
What is actually seen by Arjuna and Sanjaya gets described in words of mouth. Human language, as we know, is paralytic and insufficient when it comes to describing an essentially a spiritual EXPERIENCE.  Still, Sanjaya has done a great job in lending words to the inexorable experience. So we should try to form a vision of our own through a devout and faithful study of the ensuing verses.
Lord Krishna showed the Form of this world even as a boy!
As a boy, when at play, Sri Krishna ate the soil of the earth like any other child at play. And when His concerned mother asked Him to open His mouth and show the soil, what she saw in the mouth of the Lord was the Form of the whole world!
So it is for the second time, the Lord Has taken pity on His incomparable devotee and shows instead of just the earth, the whole Cosmos!
What is pertinent here is that in Hinduism it is rightly and strongly believed that the whole cosmos is filled with and impregnated only by the Lord. And there can be nothing here alien and extraneous to the Lord. Both the king and the pauper and the totality of the animal kingdom not to speak of the teeming millions of the planets and the Five Elements all are God and God alone!
This is said in Esha Upanishad as “the Vasudheva Kutumbaka” which, incidentally was recalled and quoted ably by our able Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi in his fine speech rendered at Davos, Switzerland.
How wonderful it is to realize that we all are parts of the Lord!
If it be so, could there be any strife between nations and individual human beings?
Who is good? Who is bad? Who is small? Who is big and great and rich?
Everyone is the Lord!
This is another form of Cosmic Vision.
So we should not treat even the basest among us with contempt. We must pray for those who think we are their enemies. Because we all are one and the same Lord Material!
There can be no differences among us. There are no differences in actual existence. Every difference is only the imaginary thing.
We are God and everything here is God only.
This is one of the fundamental visions of the Hindu Sages and Seers from the Rig-Vedic period onwards.
But Hinduism does not believe in Propagation of the religion.
Every Tom, Dick and Harry is out to propagate his religion in a very studiously professional way! This is one of the sorrows in the history of the world and needs to be corrected at least now under the able Prime Minister, Mr. Modi!
But I am not arguing that the 15 crore Indians who form the minorities of India should be won over to our religion!    
For it is a matter of past History of India. We cannot put the clock back.
But further and unhindered acts of professional propagation and conversion must be stopped.
How? When our Constitution itself allows propagation to them how can we stop the deluge of funds coming to India to be distributed in cash and kind to our people, our brothers and sisters?
It is dead easy, at least, in theory.
We should bridge the chasm existing between the Hindu brethren.
They try and convert only those of our brothers and sisters who are treated as belonging to the lower castes. And the next reason is the economic barrier. They can convert only the economically disadvantaged Hindus among the lower castes.
Caste factor is a great barrier even if Modi’s government brings prosperity to India as a whole.
The so-called high caste Hindus must go out of their way in embracing the so-called low caste Hindus. This is how we can get over the constitutional guarantee to the minorities to propagate their religion and indulge in conversion.

While speaking about all these things, we should not forget the 15 crore Indian minorities are our brothers and sisters as are the peoples of various countries of the World!         

Thursday, 8 February 2018

THE HOLY GITA, CHAPTER 11, VERSE 02, VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OR THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM

THE HOLY GITA
CHAPTER NUMBER 11
VISVARUPA DARSANA YOGA OR THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC FORM:
VERSE NUMBER 02
Text in Transliteration:
bhavaapyayau hi bhootaanaam srutau vistaraso mayaa
tvattah kamalapatraaksha maahaatmyam api chaa ‘vyayam
Sanskrit words and phrases and their meaning:
bhavaapyayau = the origin and dissolution; hi = indeed; bhootaanaam = of beings; srutau = have been heard; vistarasah = in detail; mayaa = by me; tvattah = from thee; kamala patra aksha = O Lotus eyed; maahaatmyam = greatness; api = also; cha = and; avyayam = inexhaustible.
Text in English:
From You, O Lotus-eyed, have been heard by me in detail of the origin and dissolution of beings and also of Your inexhaustible greatness.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI CHIDBHAVANANDA:
The dilation made by the Lord is brief from His own standpoint and it is elaborate from the standpoint of Arjuna. Each of them is in this respect a standard for himself.
Iswara is the source of the universe. But on this ground He is not entangled. The working of the universe derives its design and process from the Lord. He suffers no mutation on this account. It is all His glory.

COMMENTARY BY SRIMAT SWAMI SIVANANDA:
Kamalapatraksha: Lotus-eyed or having eyes like lotus-petals. Kamalapatra also means knowledge of the Self. He who can be obtained by knowledge of the Self is Kamalapatraksha.

Comments by the blogger:
(Alternative days be damned. You will get to read this blog every day)
The Lord’s greatness is heard firsthand from the Lord Himself. The origin and destruction of beings get Arjuna a new vista into things. He comes to understand that the beings are, time and time again, sent forth and withdrawn by the Lord at the end of the Kalpa. All these things go to strengthen the Lord’s argument that Arjuna should fight his war and eating beggar’s bread or taking to the life of renouncement is not for him.
And the tenth chapter opened yet more vistas about the glories of the Lord. When our Lord’s greatness is thus proved beyond any trace of doubt, what He says goes. He says for Arjuna merely to be an instrument in His hands and these kings and others arrayed in the opposite army have already scripted their death. The wicked must be weeded out. It is one of the reasons why the war has to take place. And the good that are Pandavas and those standing behind them must prosper so that the people and the subjects at large may prosper under the righteous yoke.

The child has great and instinctive confidence in the potentialities of its father and mother. Likewise, the devotee has all the faith in the Lord and having laid all his future in the able hands of his Ultimate Master, he goes to sleep and gets up fully rested and rejuvenated to face the new day and to continue his fight.